تأملی بر سبزگرایی در سازمان: واکاوی نقش رهبری تحول گرا مبتنی بر محیط زیست و رهبری معنوی در ایجاد رفتارهای زیست محیطی در سازمان

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 گروه مدیریت بازرگانی، دانشکده اقتصاد، مدیریت و علوم اداری، دانشگاه سمنان، سمنان، ایران

2 گروه بازرگانی، دانشکده اقتصاد، مدیریت و علوم اداری، دانشگاه سمنان، سمنان، ایران

چکیده

پژوهش حاضر با هدف بررسی تأثیر رهبری تحول­ گرا مبتنی بر محیط­ زیست، رهبری معنوی و اشتیاق زیست ­محیطی کارکنان بر ایجاد رفتار زیست محیطی در سازمان انجام شده است. این مطالعه از لحاظ هدف کاربردی، از نوع توصیفی و با روش پیمایشی انجام شده است. جامعه آماری در این مطالعه 212 نفر از کارکنان شهرداری شیراز است که به روش نمونه ‌گیری در­ دسترس انتخاب شدند. به منظور تحلیل داده­ ها، روش حداقل مربعات جزئی و نرم­ افزار Smart PLS­2 مورد استفاده قرار گرفت. جهت سنجش روایی از روایی همگرا بهره گرفته شد و به منظور برازش پایایی، آلفای کرونباخ مورد استفاده قرار گرفت و ضریب آن برای تمام سازه­ های پژوهش بیش تر از (0/7) می ­باشد. نتایج نشان می­ دهد که رهبری تحول­ گرا مبتنی بر محیط­ زیست و رهبری معنوی به ترتیب با ضریب مسیر (0/384) و (0/579) بر اشتیاق زیست­ محیطی تأثیر مثبت و معنی داری می­ گذارد. نتایج پژوهش اثر مثبت و معنی دار اشتیاق زیست ­محیطی و رفتار زیست ­محیطی کارکنان را با ضریب مسیر (0/613) و ضریب معنی داری (7/033) تأیید کرد. هم چنین اشتیاق زیست ­محیطی در سازمان ارتباط میان رهبری تحول­ گرا مبتنی بر محیط ­زیست و رفتار زیست ­محیطی کارکنان را میانجی­گری می­ کند، ولی ارتباط میان رهبری معنوی و رفتار زیست­ محیطی کارکنان را میانجی­گری نمی ­کند. بر اساس یافته­ ها پیشنهاد می­ شود که مدیران شهرداری با به کارگیری سبک­ های رهبری تحول ­گرا و معنوی بر رفتارهای کارکنان خود کنترل داشته باشند و در نتیجه اشتیاق زیست­ محیطی بیش تری برای ارائه­ رفتارهای زیست ­محیطی به وجود بیاورند.

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